Periodontitis is a long-term pathological inflammatory process that occurs in the supporting periodontium tooth apparatus: in gum tissue, periodontium, as well as in alveolar bone tissue
processes of the jaw and cementum.
Late or absent treatment of periodontitis of the gums can cause atrophy of bone tissue, the final stage of which is tooth loss units Inflammation of the gums, periodontitis, is classified according to two features.
First of all, by place development of the inflammatory process:
1. Localized periodontitis – characterized by a small lesion, which affects no more than one tooth (most often occurs due to mechanical damage to the mucous membrane);
2. Generalized periodontitis – the lesion affects several teeth at once, as well as can affect bone and gum tissue.
Periodontitis is also determined by the course of the disease:
1. Acute periodontitis – accompanied by periodic attacks of pain and rapid progression of symptoms;
2. Chronic periodontitis – develops against the background of untreated acute periodontitis
periodontitis, while pain sensations are practically absent, but the disease progresses and provokes tissue deformation.
Causes of periodontitis
One of the main causes of periodontitis can be considered quality neglect and proper oral hygiene, as well as lack of timely treatment inflamed gums.
Among other reasons that can provoke different stages of periodontitis, it is possible highlight such as:
● genetic predisposition;
● predominance of soft food in the daily diet;
● chewing with only one side of the jaw;
● bite anomalies;
● lack of B and C vitamins in the body;
● increased load on the gums after removal of chewing teeth;
● tartar build-up;
● excessive use of sugar and sweet products;
● smoking, chewing tobacco.
Effective treatment of gums and minimization of harmful consequences for teeth are possible only with
timely detection of inflammation and referral to a dental clinic. If available bleeding, inflammation or swelling of the gums, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible a specialist
How is periodontitis treated?
Regardless of age, standard methods of periodontitis treatment are carried out complex and include the following mandatory stages:
1. Eliminating the cause of inflammation
At this stage, professional teeth cleaning is performed: removal of soft deposits, calculus, polishing of dental crowns. All are necessarily eliminated factors that provoke the development of the disease. Carious formations are treated and filled, in case of severe damage, the tooth can be removed. If ignited clear, what to treat? The dentist gives the patient clear guidance on medication
treatment and care of the oral cavity.
2. Surgical treatment of periodontal tissues
The dentist can resort to such methods as curettage of periodontal pockets, partial removal of the edge of the gingival pocket, subgingival scaling, etc.
3. Additional measures
If there are indications, the specialist can prescribe the patient an appointment
anti-inflammatory drugs, vitamins, immunomodulators, as well as give recommendations with
A specific treatment strategy is developed individually based on the condition the patient’s gums and the general health of his body. It is worth understanding that in what way and why only a doctor can determine what means of treatment will be used a dentist, and self-medication at home should be unacceptable.
With such a disease as periodontitis, there should be treatment at home agreed with the dentist. Rinsing can be prescribed, for example, with a decoction oak bark, a solution of tinctures of calendula or chamomile. In the presence of allergies reactions, it is best to resort to the help of anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents solutions sold in pharmacies.