Dental fillings are a direct restoration of damaged dental units, which is performed in the oral cavity with the help of special filling materials. This type of dental restoration involves restoring the integrity, functionality and aesthetics of the tooth crown. The main goal of the dentist is to seal the tooth in such a way as to achieve the maximum conformity of the restored crown to its natural shape while preserving the natural relief.
Indications for sealing
The damaged tooth is subject to filling in the following cases:
mechanical damage to the crown, which does not affect the root (broken enamel, broken a piece of tooth, etc.);
destruction of enamel.
As a prevention of caries in children, a procedure such as sealing the fissures may be indicated. It involves overlapping the recesses on the teeth with a special filling material. This helps prevent the formation and development of caries on covered areas. It is recommended to seal as soon as possible, immediately after the child’s teeth have erupted. Due to this, caries treatment will be needed much less often.
Features of dental fillings
Today, aesthetic and effective fillings are the result of the introduction of innovative filling materials. Depending on the degree and nature of the destruction of the crown, as well as a number of functional requirements, in dental practice, the following materials are used for filling:
glass ionomer cements;
compomers (combination of glass inomers and polymers).
Restoration of teeth with fillings takes place in several stages. The first is the treatment of a damaged tooth, which thoroughly cleans the enamel from plaque and tartar, removes affected tissues, diagnoses the condition of the pulp, performs antimicrobial treatment of the oral cavity for more reliable fixation of filling material. Only then does the dentist make the material to install the filling.
If necessary, the nerve of the tooth is removed, periodontitis is treated and canals are filled. All manipulations are performed using local anesthesia. If a patient is diagnosed with deep caries without pulpitis, special tabs and insulating pads are used – they are placed in a cavity of the tooth cleaned of affected tissues and only then install a filling.
Advantages of direct restoration
Due to the use of high-tech equipment and modern filling materials, direct restoration of teeth by filling has many advantages:
minor intervention allows you to keep the tooth alive and extend its life;
high quality fillings, especially in dental clinics with their own dental laboratory;
the dentist can choose the shade of the filling material to match the natural color of the patient’s tooth crown;
restoration of health, integrity and functionality of the tooth in just one visit to the dental clinic;
the use of innovative high-strength materials with excellent adhesion makes direct restoration as hypoallergenic, safe and aesthetic as possible.
Even a large filling is able to maintain the viability of the crown of the tooth, because during the filling the natural dentition is preserved, as well as the metabolism between saliva and tooth tissue.
Seal care: recommendations
In order for the filling to last for a long time after filling the teeth, experts recommend strict adherence to the rules of oral hygiene. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day using a brush, rinse, dental floss or irrigator, as well as undergo professional brushing at the clinic every six months to prevent tartar formation. If you have a toothache after filling, you should see a dentist quickly.